SCADA Vulnerabilities & Exposures (SVE)

CRITIFENCE® SCADA Vulnerabilities and Exposures Database (SVE)

[SVE-127316845] Moxa UC 7408-LX-Plus Firmware Overwrite Vulnerability

Date Type Platform Author EDB-ID CVE-ID OSVDB-ID Download App SIS Signature
2016-05-31OTHERMoxa UC-7408 LX-PlusUNDISCLOSEDN/A2016-4500N/AN/AN/A

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# Moxa UC 7408-LX-Plus Firmware Overwrite Vulnerability
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### OVERVIEW

NCCIC/ICS-CERT has received information from a third party that identified a firmware overwrite vulnerability in Moxa's UC 7408-LX-Plus device. Moxa has produced instructions to reduce exposure to this vulnerability. The Moxa UC 7408-LX-Plus device has been discontinued.

This vulnerability could be exploited remotely.





### AFFECTED PRODUCTS

The following Moxa UC-7408 versions are affected:

UC-7408 LX-Plus all versions.





### IMPACT

A firmware overwrite has been used that is neither recoverable in the field or by the manufacturer, necessitating the replacement of the device.

Impact to individual organizations depends on many factors that are unique to each organization. ICS-CERT recommends that organizations evaluate the impact of this vulnerability based on their operational environment, architecture, and product implementation.





### BACKGROUND

Moxa is a Taiwan-based company that maintains offices in several countries around the world, including the US, UK, India, Germany, France, China, Russia, and Brazil.

The affected product, UC-7408-LX-Plus, is an embedded computer. According to Moxa, these computers are deployed across several sectors, including Chemical, Commercial Facilities, Critical Manufacturing, Emergency Services, Energy, Food and Agriculture, Government Facilities, Water and Wastewater Systems, and others. Moxa estimates that this product is used globally but concentrated in the US, Europe, Chile, Argentina, Peru, Columbia, and Taiwan, with 50 to 60 percent of all sales in the US.





### VULNERABILITY CHARACTERIZATION


# VULNERABILITY OVERVIEW

MISSING AUTHENTICATION FOR CRITICAL FUNCTION

The firmware overwrite is neither recoverable in the field or by the manufacturer, necessitating the replacement of the device.
CVE-2016-4500 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 5.8 has been assigned; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:H/PR:H/UI:N/S:C/C:N/I:N/A:H).





### VULNERABILITY DETAILS


# EXPLOITABILITY

This vulnerability could be exploited remotely.


# EXISTENCE OF EXPLOIT

No known public exploits specifically target this vulnerability.


# DIFFICULTY

Crafting a working exploit for this vulnerability would be difficult. Root level access is necessary for this exploit. This decreases the likelihood of a successful exploit.





### MITIGATION

Moxa recommends the following suggestions to reduce the risk of unauthorized access to UC 7408-LX-Plus:

Strengthen authentication requirements
* Change passwords for administrative users periodically.
* Use the stronger password. Ex: mixed with upper and lower case character and number.
* Disable or delete unused profiles from system.
* Provide login authentication at all access portals before accessing this device ex: console, ssh, web.
* Disable unnecessary services.
* Enable system log for monitoring.
* Log unsuccessful login attempts.
* Auto log out from ssh or telnet console after a period of inactivity.

Increase access control
* Restrict mobile code download and execution.
* Limit the number of concurrent sessions. Ex: SSH is limited to 5.
* Log the access control information with timestamps for audit purpose.

Enhance data integrity
* Use secure transmission protocol, SSH, VPN, HTTPS, etc., to protect integrity of information.

Enhance data confidentiality
* Remove the shared data if the shared resource is not used.

Restrict data flow
* Enable firewall function for deny all accept exception rule.